Iodine

  • Getting the proper amount of iodine is not easy to obtain.
  • Iodine is needed for the production of thyroid hormones for normal thyroid function.
  • Iodine is needed for cells to change food into energy.

How to obtain iodine

  • Iodine is commonly found in seafood, highest in seaweed, kelp.
  •  Seaweed, Nori, Wakame, Kombu Kelp, Organic Sea Kelp.
  • Dried Prunes.  Five dried prunes provide 13 mcg of iodine, or about 9% of the daily recommended value. Also high in many vitamins and nutrients, including vitamin K, vitamin A, potassium and iron.
  • Lima Beans (The difference of iodine in the soil, fertilizers, and irrigation water determine the amount of iodine in fruits and vegetables.  Lima Beans are a good source of fiber, magnesium, folate, and iodine.
  • Iodized salt (approximately 71mcg of iodine in 1/4 teaspoon, 47% of daily recommended intake).
  •  Shrimp (good source of iodine, Selenium, phosphorus and vitamin B12, protein rich).
  • Tuna (good source of iodine, iron, potassium, B vitamins, and omega-3 fatty acids).
  • Cod (3 oz contains about 63-99 mcg, or 42-66% of the daily recommended amount.  This depends on wild-caught or farm-raised).

Symptoms of iodine deficiency

Symptoms of iodine deficiency and related thyroid disorders can include:

  • Swelling of thyroid glands in the neck
  • A visible lump (goiter) on your neck
  • Weight gain, fatigue and weakness
  • Thinning hair
  • Dry skin
  • Feeling colder than usual
  • Slowed heart rate
  • Learning and memory difficulties
  • Heavy or irregular periods

Iodine Deficiency Symptoms in Infants

  • Frequent choking
  • Enlarged tongue
  • Puffy face
  • Constipation
  • Poor muscle tone
  • Sleeping more often

Hypothyroidism Symptoms in Youth

Similar to those of adults, but may also include:

  • Delayed development of permanent teeth
  • Delayed puberty
  • Slowed mental development
  • Shorter than average height or limbs

Excessive amount of iodine can be harmful

  • You can experience the same type of problems as iodine deficiency if you have to much iodine in your system, for example using supplements.

What to do if you expect iodine deficiency

  • Speak to your doctor or an accredited practicing dietitian before starting any supplements.
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